Reducing non-revenue water (NRW) in Rajkot

Using water meters, leakage-detection instruments and state-of-the-art technology to reduce water losses BACKGROUND Global phenomenon like population growth, climate variability, and ever- expanding industrialisation has strong implications on water availability and resulted in chronic water shortage problem. This has severely impacted Indian region as well. Apart from this, leakages and theft of water, either through… Continue reading Reducing non-revenue water (NRW) in Rajkot

Customised irrigation mitigates risks for farmers

BACKGROUND Groundwater is irrefutably one of the vital sources of water to the human race. It accounts for over 60 percent of the irrigated area in the country and is critical to food security. It is estimated that over 70 percent of India’s food grain production materializes from irrigated agriculture, in which groundwater plays a… Continue reading Customised irrigation mitigates risks for farmers

Drip irrigation for enhanced water use efficiency

BACKGROUND The conventional irrigation system used in the agricultural sector in India, called the furrow system or the flow-through system comprises supplying water in series from the topmost basin to the bottom-most basin and regulating the flow of water with sand bunds or weirs. The water for irrigation is sourced through pumping water from open… Continue reading Drip irrigation for enhanced water use efficiency

Increasing efficient water and energy use in agriculture

BACKGROUND Efficient consumption of energy and water – both crucial resources for agriculture – can be improved by their comanagement by farmers, state governments, groundwater agencies and distribution companies (DISCOMs). Pilot studies have observed that electricity can be conserved using efficient pumping system in place. But the commercial viability of such plans and their benefits… Continue reading Increasing efficient water and energy use in agriculture

Micro-sprinkler irrigation for efficient use of water

An affordable and farmer-friendly micro-irrigation system to conserve water in Kerala BACKGROUND Properly designed drip and sprinkler systems typically achieve highly efficient use of water. However, the large-scale adoption by farmers of a drip or sprinkler system is constrained by factors such as the sophisticated design of components, frequent clogging of emitters and high initial… Continue reading Micro-sprinkler irrigation for efficient use of water

Increasing productivity of small farmers through micro-irrigation

Flexible micro-irrigation kits enable the judicious use of groundwater in eight Indian states BACKGROUND Small farm holders comprise around 75 percent of India’s farming group, who typically cultivate plots less than a hectare in size and remain trapped in vicious cycle of hunger and poverty. Smallholders by the virtue of dearth of resources remain restricted… Continue reading Increasing productivity of small farmers through micro-irrigation

Irrigation simplified through treadle pumps

An affordable and eco-friendly water lifting solution for marginal farmers in seven states of India BACKGROUND States falling under the Indo – Gangetic belt, such as Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Assam, Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Chhattisgarh, have abundant water resources in the form of higher level of water table. However, smallholders face the… Continue reading Irrigation simplified through treadle pumps