Creative farmer games teach judicious use of water in agriculture

Participatory aquifer mapping and crop water budgeting to change farmers behavior in Andhra Pradesh BACKGROUND Anantapur is a particularly water-distressed district in Andhra Pradesh. In 2010-12, 76% of the total area irrigated is serviced by tube wells, an increase from 44% in the period 1998-2001. During the same period, the area irrigated by dug wells… Continue reading Creative farmer games teach judicious use of water in agriculture

Community led resource efficient agriculture in Bundelkhand

Enabling farmer community for collective local planning and resource management BACKGROUND Bundelkhand, a semi-arid region in Central India, is characterized by poor human development indicators and degraded natural resources. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, with 90 percent of the population being dependent on agriculture and 75 percent of agriculture are rain-fed. Poor productivity… Continue reading Community led resource efficient agriculture in Bundelkhand

Customised irrigation mitigates risks for farmers

BACKGROUND Groundwater is irrefutably one of the vital sources of water to the human race. It accounts for over 60 percent of the irrigated area in the country and is critical to food security. It is estimated that over 70 percent of India’s food grain production materializes from irrigated agriculture, in which groundwater plays a… Continue reading Customised irrigation mitigates risks for farmers

Drip irrigation for enhanced water use efficiency

BACKGROUND The conventional irrigation system used in the agricultural sector in India, called the furrow system or the flow-through system comprises supplying water in series from the topmost basin to the bottom-most basin and regulating the flow of water with sand bunds or weirs. The water for irrigation is sourced through pumping water from open… Continue reading Drip irrigation for enhanced water use efficiency

Increasing efficient water and energy use in agriculture

BACKGROUND Efficient consumption of energy and water – both crucial resources for agriculture – can be improved by their comanagement by farmers, state governments, groundwater agencies and distribution companies (DISCOMs). Pilot studies have observed that electricity can be conserved using efficient pumping system in place. But the commercial viability of such plans and their benefits… Continue reading Increasing efficient water and energy use in agriculture

Micro-sprinkler irrigation for efficient use of water

An affordable and farmer-friendly micro-irrigation system to conserve water in Kerala BACKGROUND Properly designed drip and sprinkler systems typically achieve highly efficient use of water. However, the large-scale adoption by farmers of a drip or sprinkler system is constrained by factors such as the sophisticated design of components, frequent clogging of emitters and high initial… Continue reading Micro-sprinkler irrigation for efficient use of water

Promoting Direct Seeding of Rice

BACKGROUND The East India Plateau (EIP), comprising major parts of Jharkhand and some parts of adjoining West Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa, is one of the poorest regions of India. It is characterized by high but unevenly distributed rainfall (1,100–1,600 mm, 80 percent received from June to September), frequent and sometimes long dry spells within the… Continue reading Promoting Direct Seeding of Rice