Integrated watershed development programme: Partnerships for development

A large scale partnership approach starting in Andhra Pradesh and successfully diffusing to nine other states BACKGROUND Water resource management is one of the most serious of global challenges, intensified by the pressures of climate change. The issue is critical especially for India. Accounting for 17 per cent of the world’s population but just 4… Continue reading Integrated watershed development programme: Partnerships for development

Catalysing behavior change amongst sugarcane farmers for water demand management

A multi-pronged approach to behavior change leads to large-scale conservation of water resources in sugarcane cultivation in three Indian states BACKGROUND An estimated 50 million farmers, mostly small and marginal, are engaged in sugarcane cultivation in India over four million hectares of land. An additional 20 million individuals are dependent on the employment generated by the… Continue reading Catalysing behavior change amongst sugarcane farmers for water demand management

Community watershed-based approach for increased agricultural productivity

A comprehensive watershed approach for sustainable ground water resources and farm incomes in Kerala BACKGROUND Poor crop production and productivity have led to poor incomes in Kasaragod district of Kerala. This can be partially attributed to poor soil health and partly due to scarcity of water and degradation of natural resources which has compounded the… Continue reading Community watershed-based approach for increased agricultural productivity

Innovative approach for promoting drip irrigation in cotton

Improving crop productivity and water use efficiency in drought-prone region of Gujarat BACKGROUND Surendranagar is a hilly, semi-arid region which is among the most drought-prone districts of Gujarat. The district receives scanty average annual rainfall of about 450 mm. Other factors affecting water availability are the absence of perennial rivers or streams and the lack… Continue reading Innovative approach for promoting drip irrigation in cotton

Reducing non-revenue water (NRW) in Rajkot

Using water meters, leakage-detection instruments and state-of-the-art technology to reduce water losses BACKGROUND Global phenomenon like population growth, climate variability, and ever- expanding industrialisation has strong implications on water availability and resulted in chronic water shortage problem. This has severely impacted Indian region as well. Apart from this, leakages and theft of water, either through… Continue reading Reducing non-revenue water (NRW) in Rajkot

Supply and Demand Side Management

Assuring water abundance involves addressing various aspects like ensuring adequate supply and managing demand. Irrespective of the amount of water available setting the limits to manage demand and reducing wastage are crucial to avoid situations of water scarcity. This section describes options for reducing water demand through various approaches. In Gujarat for example, farmers were… Continue reading Supply and Demand Side Management

Low-cost water harvesting structures for groundwater recharge

Widespread adoption of community-built structures in Rajasthan Background Uneven, erratic rainfall and long dry spells are common prevailing weather conditions and this adversely affect kharif crop growth in southern Rajasthan. To combat this uncertainity associated with rainfall, farmers have evolved different area- specific indigenous water harvesting systems. These structures are simple, cost-effective and easy to… Continue reading Low-cost water harvesting structures for groundwater recharge